|Daniel Denison Whedon was a pivotal figure in the struggle between Calvinism and Arminianism in nineteenth-century America. As a result of his efforts, some historians have concluded that he was responsible for a new doctrine of man that was more dependent upon philosophical principles than Scripture.|
Daniel Whedon was born March 20, 1808 in Onondaga, New York.
He graduated from Hamilton College in 1828 and took up the study of law at Rochester, New York, but soon abandoned this profession to become a teacher.
From 1830 to 1831, he taught in the Oneida Conference Seminary at Cazenovia, New York, and became a tutor at Hamilton College in 1832.
In 1833, he was elected Professor of Ancient Languages and Literature at Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut.
In 1843, he became a minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church, serving churches in Pittsfield, Massachuset and Jamaica Long, Island New York.
Whedon became Professor of Logic, Rhetoric, and History at Michigan University where he served from 1845 to 1852.
After leaving Michigan University in 1852, he returned, in 1853, to pastoral ministry at Jamaica, New York. Here he served until 1856.
In 1856, the Methodist Episcopal general conference elected him to the editor of the Methodist Quarterly Review, one of the most influential periodicals of the church. Here he served for the next twenty-eight years of his life.
After ill health forced him to retire as editor of the Methodist Quarterly Review, he resided at Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey. On June 8, 1885 he died.
Daniel Whedon’s most significant contributions to Methodist theology is probably in the area of developing an indigenous Methodist theology. His book on the Freedom of the Will and his article in Bibliotheca Sacra (1862) “Doctrines of Methodist” are his best-known contributions in this area.
Whedon, Daniel. Homer. An Address Delivered Before the Belles Lettres and Union Philosophical Societies of Dickinson College, July 11th, 1855. Carlisle: Printed at the Herald Office, 1855.
________. Sermons and Expository Lectures. 6th ed. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1855.
________. The Methodist Review. New York: the Methodist Book Concern,1856-84.
________. Public Addresses, Collegiate and Popular. New York: Carlton & Porter, 1856.
________. Commentary on the New Testament. 5 Vols. New York: Eaton & Mains, 1860-75.
________. The Freedom of the Will as a Basis of Human Responsibility and a Divine Government. New York: Carlton & Porter, 1864.
________. The Antislavery Struggle and Triumph in the Methodist Episcopal Church. New York: Phillips & Hunt, 1881.
________. Commentary on the Old Testament. 7 Vols. New York: [n.p.], 1880-86.
E. S. Bucke, History of American Methodism (1964)
Simpson, Cyclopedia (1878)
Harmon, ed., Encyclopedia of World Methodism