John William and Mary Fletcher–A Bib­li­og­raphy

John William and Mary Fletcher–A Bib­li­og­raphy
Written by Dr. Stephen Flick

John William Fletcher was known as “the first theologian of Methodism.” As such, Fletcher produced polemical works against Calvinism. Having been trained in Calvin’s Geneva, Fletcher was highly qualified to respond to the Calvinistic detractors of Arminian Methodism. As one of the leading ladies of early British Methodism, Mary Bosanquet Fletcher also took upon the pen to write. A bibliography of the primary works of John and Mary Fletcher is presented below, followed by significant secondary works.

Table of Contents

* Click entry below to navigate to heading; click heading to return.

John Fletcher Primary Works

I.   Published Writings

II.   Posthumous Articles

III.   Unpublished Writings

Mary Fletcher (née Bosanquet) Primary Works

Secondary Works

I.   Biographical Studies

II.   Theological Studies

III.   Local Studies: Madeley and Shropshire

IV.   Additional Works

John Fletcher Primary Works

I.   Published Writings

Fletcher, John William. The Works of the Reverend John Fletcher, Late Vicar of Madeley. 4 Vols. New York: B. Waugh and T. Mason, for the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1833; reprint, Salem, OH: Schmul Publishers, 1974.

________. The Works of the Reverend John Fletcher, Late Vicar of Madeley. 9 Vols. London: Published by John Mason, 1859.

This bibliography includes the titles of Fletcher’s writings which have been published individually. They are arranged chronologically according to their publication date.[1]

________. A Christmas-box for Journeymen and Apprentices. n.p., ca., 1758.[2]

________. Discours sur la Régénération, 2 Cor. v. 17. Londre: n.p., 1759.[3]

________. A Vindication of the Rev. Mr. Wesley’s Last Minutes: Occasioned by a Circular, Printed Letter, Inviting Principal Persons, Both Clergy and Laity, as Well of the Dissenters as of the Established Church, Who Disapprove of Those Minutes, to Oppose Them in a Body, as a Dreadful Heresy: And Designed to Remove Prejudice, Check Rashness, Promote Forbearance, Defend the Character of an Eminent Minister of Christ, and Prevent Some Important Scriptural Truths from Being Hastily Branded as Heretical. In Five Letters, to the Hon. and Rev. Author of the Circular Letter, By a Lover of Quietness and Liberty of Conscience. Bristol: Printed by W. Pine, 1771.[4]

________. A Second Check to Antinomianism: Occasioned by a Late Narrative, in Three Letters to the Hon. and Rev. Author. By the Vindicator of the Reverend Mr. Wesley’s “Minutes”. London: Printed by W. Strahan, 1771.

________. A Third Check to Antinomianism; in a Letter to the Author of Pietas Oxoniensis. By the Vindicator of the Rev. Mr. Wesley’s “Minutes.” Bristol: Printed by W. Pine, 1772.

________. Logica Genevensis: Or, a Fourth Check to Antinomianism; in Which St. James’s Pure Religion is Defended Against the Charges, and Established Upon the Concessions, of Mr. Richard and Mr. Rowland Hill, in a Series of Letters to Those Gentlemen. By the Vindicator of the Minutes. Bristol: Printed by W. Pine, 1772.

________. An Appeal to Matter of Fact and Common Sense: Or, A Rational Demonstration of Man’s Corrupt and Lost Estate. Bristol: Printed by William Pine and sold at the Work-house in Madeley-wood, Shropshire, for the benefit of the poor, and at the Foundry, London, 1772.

________. A Dreadful Phenomenon Described and Improved, Being a Particular Account of the Sudden Stoppage of the River Severn, and of the Terrible Desolation That Happened at the Birches between CoalbrookDale and Buildwas Bridge in Shropshire, on Thursday Morning May 27th, 1773. And the Substance of a Sermon Preached the Next Day on the Ruins to a Vast Concourse of Spectators. Shrewsbury, [Eng.]: Printed by J. Eddowes, 1773.

________. The Penitent Thief; Or, a Narrative of Two Women Fearing God, Who Visited in Prison a Highway-man, Executed at Stafford April the 3d, 1773, With a Letter to a Condemned Malefactor. And a Penitential Office, for Either a True Churchman or a Dying Criminal, Entirely Extracted From the Scriptures and the Established Liturgy. By a Country Clergyman. London: Printed by R. Hawes, 1773.

________. Logica Genevensis Continued; Or, the First Part of the Fifth Check to Antinomianism, Containing an Answer to the Finishing Stroke of Richard Hill, Esq., in Which Some Remarks upon Mr. Fulsome’s Antinomian Creed Published by the Rev. Mr. Berridge are Occasionally Introduced, With an Appendix upon the Remaining Difference Between the Calvinists and the Anti-Calvinists with Respect to Our Lord’s Doctrine of Justification by Words, and St. James’s Doctrine of Justification by Works, and Not by Faith Only. London: Printed by R. Hawes, 1774.[5]

________. Logica Genevensis Continued; Or, the Second Part of the Fifth Check to Antinomianism, Containing a Defense of “Jack O’lantern,” and “the Paper-kite” i.e., Sincere Obedience; of the “Cobweb,” i.e., The Evangelical Law of Liberty; and of the “Valiant Sergeant I F,” i.e., The Conditionality of Perseverance, Attack’d by the Rev. Mr. Berridge, M.A., Vicar of Everton, and Late Fellow of Clare Hall, Cambridge, in His Book Called “The Christian World Unmasked.” London: Printed by R. Hawes, [1774].

________. The First Part of An Equal Check to Pharisaism and Antinomianism. By the Author of Checks to Antinomianism. Shrewsbury: Printed by J. Eddowes, 1774.[6]

________. Zealots and Honestus Reconciled: Or, The Second Part of An Equal Check to Pharisaism and Antinomianism; Being the First Part of the Scripture-scales to Weigh the Gold of Gospel Truth … With a Preface Containing Some Strictures Upon the Three Letters of Richard Hill, Esq., Which Have Been Lately Published by a Lover of the Whole Truth as it is in Jesus [i.e.], J. W. Fletcher. Shrewsbury, Eng.: Printed by J. Eddowes, 1774.

________. Zealots and Honestus Reconciled; Or, An Equal Check to Pharisaism & Antinomianism Continued, Being the Second Part of the Scripture-scales to Weigh the Gold of Gospel Truth, to Balance a Multitude of Opposite Scriptures, to Prove the Gospel Marriage of Free Grace and Free Will, and Restore Primitive Harmony to the Gospel of the Day. By a Lover of the Whole Truth as it is in Jesus. Shrewsbury, Eng.: J. Eddowes, 1775.

________. Christian Letters. Manchester: C. Wheeler, 1775.

________. The Fictitious and the Genuine Creed: Being “A Creed For Arminians,” Composed by Richard Hill, Esq; to Which is Opposed a Creed for Those Who Believe That Christ Tasted Death For Every Man. London: Printed by R. Hawes, 1775.

________. The Last Check to Antinomianism, a Polemical Essay on the Twin Doctrines of Christian Imperfection and a Death Purgatory. London: Printed by R. Hawes, 1775.

________. A Vindication of the Rev. Mr. Wesley’s “Calm Address to Our American Colonies,” in Some Letters to Mr. Caleb Evans. London: Printed and sold at the Foundry, [1776].

________. American Patriotism Farther Confronted with Reason, Scripture, and the Constitution: Being Observations on the Dangerous Politicks Taught by the Rev. Mr. Evans, M.A. and the Rev. Dr. Price. With a Scriptural Plea for the Revolted Colonies. Shrewsbury, Eng.: Printed by J. Eddowes, 1776.

________. The Bible and the Sword; or, the Appointment of the General Fast Vindicated, in an Address to the Common People, Concerning the Propriety of Repressing Obstinate Licentiousness With the Sword, and of Fasting When the Sword is Drawn for That Purpose. London: Printed by R. Hawes, 1776.[7]

________. An Answer to the Rev. Toplady‘s “Vindication of the Decrees,” &c. London: n.p., 1776.

________. A Reply to the Principal Arguments by Which the Calvinists and the Fatalists Support the Doctrine of Absolute Necessity: Being Remarks on the Rev. Mr. Toplady‘s “Scheme of Christian and Philosophical Necessity.” London: Printed by R. Hawes, 1777.

________. The Doctrines of Grace and Justice, Equally Essential to the Pure Gospel: with Some Remarks on the Mischievous Divisions Caused Among Christians by Parting Those Doctrines. Being an Introduction to a Plan of Reconciliation Between the Defenders of the Doctrines of Partial Grace, Commonly Called Calvinists; and the Defenders of the Doctrines of Impartial Justice, Commonly Called Arminians. London: Printed by R. Hawes, 1777.

________. The Reconciliation; or, An Easy Method to Unite the Professing People of God by Placing the Doctrines of Grace and Justice in Such a Light, as to Make the Candid Arminians, Bible-Calvinists, and the Candid Calvinists, Bible-Arminians. London: Printed by R. Hawes, 1777.[8]

________. A Race for Eternal Life: Being an Extract from the Heavenly Footman, a Sermon on I Corinth. ix 24; Written by the Author of “The Pilgrim’s Progress.” London: Printed by R. Hawes, 1777.

________. An Exhortation to the Debtor Released, by the Society for the Discharge and Relief of Persons Imprisoned for Small Debts. London: L[dgd]graphic Press, [1780].

________. La Louange, Poëme Moral et Sacré tiré du Psaume CXLVII. Nyon, Switzerland: Nattley & Lapierre, 1781.[9]

________. Essai sur la Paix de 1783, Dédié à L’Archevêque de Paris par un Pasteur Anglican. Londre: R. Hindmarsh; Dublin: J. Charrurier, 1784.[10]

________. A Rational Vindication of the Catholic Faith: Being the First Part of A Vindication of Christ’s Divinity; Inscribed to the Rev. Dr. Priestly. By John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, Salop. Left Imperfect By the Author, and Now Revised, and Finished at Mrs. Fletcher’s Request by Joseph Benson. Hull, [Eng.]: Printed by George Prince, [1788].

________. Six Letters of the Late Rev. John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, in Shropshire. Bath, Eng.: Printed by S. Hazard, 1788.

________. The Nature and Rules of a Religious Society; Submitted to the Consideration of the Serious Inhabitants of the Parish of Madeley. With a Prefatory Epistle by M. Horne. Madeley, [Eng.]: Printed by J. Edmunds, 1788.

________. The Christian Experience of Mrs. S*****, (as Dictated by Herself); Written by The Rev. Mr. John Fletcher, Late Vicar of Madeley, in Shropshire. To Which Are Added, Extracts From Two Letters by the Same Divine, Relative to the Doctrine of Christian Holiness. Dublin: Printed by B. Dugdale, 1789.

________. The Portrait of Saint Paul or, The True Model for Christians and Pastors, Translated From a French Manuscript of the Late Rev. John William De La Flechere, Vicar of Madeley, to Which is Added, Some Account of the Author by the Rev. Joshua Gilpin. Translated by John Gilpin. Shrewsbury, Eng.: J. and W. Eddowes, 1790.

________. Posthumous Pieces of the Reverend John William de la Flechere. By the Reverend Melvill Horne, Curate of Madeley. Madeley, Eng.: Printed and sold by J. Edmunds, 1791.

________. “Six Letters on the Spiritual Manifestation of the Son of God.” In Posthumous Pieces. Madeley, Eng.: Printed and sold by J. Edmunds, 1791.

________. Socinianism Unscriptural: Or, The Prophets and Apostles Vindicated From the Charge of Holding the Doctrine of Christ’s Mere Humanity: Being the Second Part of a Vindication of His Divinity: Inscribed to Rev. Dr. Priestly, by the Late Rev. John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, Salop; To Which is Added, in a Large Detail of Instances, a Demonstration of the Want of Common Sense in the New Testament Writers, on the Supposition of Their Believing and Teaching the Above-mentioned Doctrines: In a Series of Letters to the Rev. Mr. Wesley, by Joseph Benson. Birmingham: Printed by E. Jones, 1791.

________. Thirteen Original Letters Written by the Late John Fletcher, to Which are Added His Heads of Self-Examination. Bath, [Eng.]: Printed for and sold by Campbell and Gainsborough, 1791.

________. A Furious Butcher Humbled; A True and Remarkable Story as Related by the Late Rev. Mr. Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, in Shropshire. London: A. Paris, [1795?].

________. Thoughts on the Trinity. Translated by Miles Martindale. [London: n.p., 1795].

________. General Observations on the Redemption of Mankind by Jesus Christ. Translated by M. Martindale. [London: n.p., 1795].

II.   Posthumous Articles

Fletcher, John William. “From the Rev. John Fletcher to the Rev. John Wesley [December 13, 1756].” The Methodist Magazine 21 (1798): 92-93.

________. “Characteristic Letters of the Rev. John Fletcher,” City Road Magazine 3 (July 1873): 332.

________. “Letter of the Rev. John Fletcher: To the Rev Mr. C. Wesley, Madeley, 31st Jan., 1765.” The City Road Magazine 2 (December 1872): 554-55.

________. “Letters of the Rev. John Fletcher: To the Rev Mr. C. Wesley, London, Madeley, 16th Sept. 1763.” The City Road Magazine 2 (December 1872): 553-54.

________. “Letters of the Rev. John Fletcher [August 16, 1758].” City Road Magazine (1872): 514-16,

________. “Letters of the Rev. John Fletcher [May 10, 1757].” City Road Magazine (1872): 511-514.

________. “Original Letter, From the Late Rev. J. Fletcher, of Madeley, to the Rev. G. Whitefield.” The Evangelical Magazine 10 (Sept., 1802): 344-47.

________. “Original Letter of Mr. Fletcher [August 4, 1762].” The Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine (1829): 175.

________. “Original Sermon on John v. 40, Preached Jan. 1762; By the Late Rev. John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley.” The Methodist Magazine 44 (September, 1821): 651-62.

________. “The Wicked Described and Warned, A Sermon, Preached on a Fast-Day in 1762.” The Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine n.s., (1822): 153-58, 217-222.

III.   Unpublished Writings[11]

Fletcher, John William. “Commonplace Book” AMs, Fletcher- Tooth Collection, Methodist Archives, John Rylands University Library of Manchester, Deansgate, Manchester, England, MAW Fl box 31.

________. “Queries about the Unlawfulness of Bull Bating at Wakes, Submitted to the Consideration of All Lovers and Abettors of Such,” AMs, Fletcher-Tooth Collection, Methodist Archives, John Rylands University Library, Deansgate, Manchester, England, MAW Fl box 17.

________. “Letter to Mrs. Darby,” AMsS, [January 1765?], Fletcher-Tooth Collection, Methodist Archives, John Rylands University Library, Deansgate, Manchester, England.

________. “Questions Proposed to Miss B____n by the Rev. Mr. J. F____r, with Her Answers, May 1st, 1768.” AMs, October 25, 1785, Fletcher-Tooth Collection, Methodist Archives, John Rylands University Library of Manchester, Deansgate, Manchester, England.

________. “Three National Grievances,–The Increase of Taxes, The Hardships of Unequal Taxation, And the Continual Rise of the Poor’s Rates: with the Causes and Remedies of these Evils: Humbly Submitted to the Consideration of the Legislature, in a Letter to the Right Honourable Lord John Cavendish, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and One of the Lords of the Treasury, London, November 1783.” AMsS, Fletcher-Tooth Collection, Methodist Archives, John Rylands University Library of Manchester, Deansgate, Manchester, England.

________. Letters to Monsieur Bridel, AMsS June 18-July 30ff, 1779, Fletcher-Tooth Collection, Methodist Archives, John Rylands University Library of Manchester, Deansgate, Manchester, England, MAM Fl box 19.

Mary Fletcher (née Bosanquet) Primary Works[12]

Fletcher, Mary. Some General Remarks on a Late Pamphlet Entitled, The Enthusiasm of the Methodists and Papists Compar’d in a Letter to a Gentleman. [n.p., 175-?].

________. A Letter to the Rev. John Wesley. By a Gentle Woman. London: Sold at the Foundry, in Upper Moorfields; and at Mrs. Englefield’s, 1764.

________. Jesus Altogether Lovely; or, A Letter to Some of the Single Women in the Methodist Society. 2d ed. Bristol, [Eng.]: n.p., 1766.

________. A Letter Written to Elizabeth A—-ws on Her Removal from England. Leeds, [Eng.]: Press of J. Bowling, 1770.

________. An Aunt’s Advice to a Niece, in a Letter to Miss ***********. Leeds, [Eng.]: Printed by J Bowling, And Sold by J. Binns, in Briggate, 1780.

________. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Wesley on the Death of the Rev. Mr. Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley in Shropshire. Madeley, [England]: Printed by J. Edmunds, [1785].

________. An Account of the Death of the Rev. Mr. Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley in Shropshire. Bristol: Printed by W. Routh, [1785?].

________. A Letter to Mons. H. L. De la Flechere, Assessor Ballival of Nyon, in the Canton on Berne Switzerland, on the Death of His Brother, the Reverend John William De la Flechere, Twenty-five years Vicar of Madeley, Shropshire. London: Printed by R. Hindmarsh, and sold by G. Clark, 1786.

________. An Account of the Death of Sarah Lawrence, Who Died at the Vicarage in Madeley, Shropshire, December 3rd, 1800; Aged 44 Years. Madeley, [Eng.]: Printed by J. Edmunds, Sold at the house of Rev. Mr. Walter, Curate of the Parish, 1800.

________. “Account of M. Matthews, of Madeley,” The Methodist Magazine 23 (1800): 219-223.

________. “Mrs. Mary Fletcher’s Account of the Happy Death of Several Pious Christians,” The Methodist Magazine 23 (1800): 219-23, 264-267.

________. A Legacy to the People of Madeley: By the Late Mrs. Mary Fletcher, Widow of the Late Rev. John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley. Revised by Joseph Entwisle. London: Printed by Thomas Cordeux for T. Blashard, 1819.

________. A Brief Narrative of the Life and Death of the Rev. John Fletcher. London: John Mason, [182-?].

Secondary Works

I.   Biographical Studies

A.   Biographies of John and Mary Fletcher

Allen, Margaret. Fletcher of Madeley. London: The Salvation Army Publishing Department, 1905.

Bays, Mamie. “John William Fletcher, the St. John of Methodist Theology,” Chap. in The Theologians of Methodism. Theses by Members of the Senior Class in the Biblical Department of Vanderbilt University. Printed, not pub. Nashville: Publishing House Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Barbee & Smith, Agents, 1895.

Benson, Joseph. The Life of the Rev. John W. De La Flechere: Compiled from the Narrative of Rev. Mr. Wesley; The Biographical Notes of Rev. Mr. Gilpin; From His Own Letters, and Other Authentic Documents, Many of Which Were Never Before Published. New York: Published by Carlton & Phillips, 1855; reprint, Salem, OH: Allegheny Publications, 1984.

Burns, Jabez. Life of Mrs. Fletcher: With a Brief Sketch of the Character of her Beloved Husband, the Rev. John Fletcher, of Madeley, to Which is Annexed Several of Their Letters, With Select Beauties from His Writings. London: Milner and co., [1843].

Christian Biography: Life of the Rev. J. W. Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley. Abridged from the Narrative of Rev. J. Wesley; the Biographical Notes of Rev. W. Gilpin; and His “Life” by Rev. J. Benson, with Extracts from Rev. R. Cox. [London]: Religious Tract Society, n.d.

Cox, Robert. The Life of the Rev. John William Fletcher, Late Vicar of Madeley, Shropshire. London: Printed for J. Butterworth and Son, 1822.

Etheridge, J. W. “The Life of the Rev. John William Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley” AMs. Fletcher-Tooth Collection, Methodist Archive Collection, John Rylands University Library, Deansgate, Manchester, England.

Forsaith, Peter S. “The Eagle and the Dove: John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley–Towards a New Assessment.” Bristol: The Author, 1979.

Gill, Thomas E. The Life of Mrs. Fletcher. London: Easingwold, 1845.

Lawton, George. Shropshire Saint: A Study in the Ministry and Spirituality of Fletcher of Madeley. London: Epworth Press, 1960.

The Life of Rev. John Fletcher: Abridged from Authentic Sources by a Friend of the Sabbath-Schools. New York: Lane & Scott, 1850.

Lockhart, Wilfred Cornett. “The Evangelical Revival as Reflected in the Life and Works of John William de la Fléchère.” Ph.D. diss, University of Edinburgh, 1936.

________. John Fletcher, Evangelist. Wesley Bicentenary Manuals Series, no. 11. London: Epworth Press, 1939.

Macdonald, Frederic William. Fletcher of Madeley. New York: A. C. Armstrong & son, 1886.

Marrat, Jabez. The Vicar of Madeley: A Biographical Study. London: Charles H. Kelly, 1902.

Moore, Henry, comp. The Life of Mrs. Mary Fletcher: Consort and Relict of the Rev. John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, Salop, Compiled From Her Journal and Other Authentic Documents. New York: Carlton & Lanahan, 1868.

Nippert, Ludwig. Leben und Wirken des ehwürdigen Johannes Fletcher. Bremen: Verlag des Tractathauses, 1887.

Nuelsen, John L. Jean Guillaume de la Fléchère, John William Fletcher, der erste schweizerische Methodist: Ein Gedenkblatt zu seinem zweihundertsten Geburtstag, 12. September 1729. Zürich: Christliche Vereinsbuchhandlung, 1929.

“The Old Church at Madeley: John Fletcher’s Ministry There.” The Christian Miscellany, and Family Visitor 5, 2d s. (February 1859): 33-35, 75-77, 141-42, 174-75.

Olson, Bessie. John Fletcher, the Great Saint. Des Moines, Iowa: The Boone Publishing Co., 1944.

Phelps, E. E. Great Lives and Their Lessons: Fletcher of Madeley; Or, The Power of a Holy Life. London: W. Macintosh, [1870].

Randall, John. A Short but Comprehensive Sketch of the Lives and Usefulness of the Rev. John W. and Mary Fletcher, with Interesting Statistics Showing the Religious Aspects of Madeley Then and Now, The Increase of the Population and the Growth of Religious and Educational Means and Appliances. Madeley, Eng.: J. Randall, n.d.

Rees, Paul. The Valiant Vicar of Madeley. University Park, Iowa: Fletcher Press, ca. 1937.

Ruffet, Louis. J.-G. de la Fléchère: Esquisse biographique. Toulouse: Société des Livres Religieux, 1862.

Scott, Abraham. “A Biographical Sketch of the Author [John Fletcher],” In The Works of the Rev. John Fletcher with a Life by the Rev. Abraham Scott. A new edition. London: Printed for Thomas Allman, 1840, 1:i-xxxvi.

Seed, T. Alexander. John and Mary Fletcher, Typical Methodist Saints. London: C. H. Kelly, [1906].

Smith, Oswald J., comp. and ed. Men of God: David Brainerd, John Fletcher, Thomas Crosby, George Whitefield. With a foreword by A. J. Gordon. Revised and enlarged ed. London, Marshall, Morgan and Scott Ltd., 1971.

Sommer, C. Ernst. Der Designierte Nachfolger John Wesleys. Mit einem Vorwort von Karl Steckel. Stuttgart: Christliche Verlagshaus, 1977.

Streiff, Patrick Philipp. Jean Guillaume de la Flechere, John William Fletcher, 1729-1785: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Methodismus. Band 51, Basler und Berner Studien zur historischen und systematischen Theologie. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1984.

Trinder, Barrie. John Fletcher: Vicar of Madeley During the Industrial Revolution. Telford, England: Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, ca. 1985.

Tyerman, Luke. Wesley’s Designated Successor: the Life, Letters, and Literary Labours of the Rev. John William Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, Shropshire. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1882.

Vie de M. De La Fléchère, de Nyon; Pasteur de Madeley, dans le Shropshire en Angleterre, Accompagnée d’une Lettre Inédite et de Notes; Traduit de L’Anglais. [Lausanne: n.p., 1826.]; reprint, Jersey, [Eng.]: Imprimerie de W. Marston, 1845.

Wesley, John. A Short Account of the Life and Death of the Rev. John Fletcher. London: Printed by J. Paramore, 1786.[13]

B.   Articles and Brief Biographical Accounts

Adams, Charles. “Walking With God–Mrs. Mary Fletcher.” The Ladies Repository: A Monthly Periodical Devoted to Literature and Religion. 33 (September, 1863): 513-17.

Anecdotes of the Rev. John W. Fletcher: Late Vicar of Madeley. New York: Published for the Tract Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, at the Conference Office, [184-?].

B., S. W. “Fletcher of Madeley,” The Monthly Religious Magazine and Independent Journal 24 (1860): 328-336.

Baker, Frank. “John Fletcher, Methodist Clergyman.” The London Quarterly and Holborn Review 6th ser., 29 (1960): 291-98.

________. “The Early Experience of Fletcher of Madeley” [Letter to Charles Wesley, May 10, 1757], Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 33 (June 1961):

________. “The Shaping of Wesley’s ‘Calm Address,'” Methodist History 14, no. 1 (October 1975): 3-12.

________. “John Fletcher’s Sermon Notes.” Proceedings of Wesley Historical Society 28, part 2 (June, 1951): 30-33.

Brown, Earl Kent. “Feminist Theology and the Women of Mr. Wesley’s Methodism.” Chap. in Wesleyan Theology Today: A Bicentennial Theological Consultation. Nashville: Kingswood Books, An Imprint of The United Methodist Publishing House, 1985.

“The Character of Rev. Mr. Fletcher.” The Arminian Magazine 15-16 (December 1792-December 1793): 643-651, 3-7, 57-62, 113-119, 169-175, 225-230, 281-284, 337-341, 393-396, 449-455, 505-511, 551-556, 617-621.[14]

“The Church on the Hill; Recollections of the Rev. Walter Sellon.” The Wesleyan Methodist Magazine, for the Year 1856: Being a Continuation of the Arminian or Methodist Magazine; First Published by the Rev. John Wesley, A. M. 5th s., 2 (1856): 35-42, 133-40.

Church, Leslie F. “Fletcher of Madeley–An Interesting Manuscript,” The London Quarterly & Holborn Review 176 (April 1951): 97-101.

Coulton, Barbara. “Tutor to the Hills: The Early Career of John Fletcher.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 47 (October 1989): 94-103.

Cox, Robert. “Anecdotes of the Rev. John Fletcher.” Methodist Review 6 (July 1823): 257-60, 6 (September 1823): 336-39.

________. “Anecdotes of Mr. Fletcher.” The Wesleyan- Methodist Magazine (1825): 604-607.

Cross, F. L. ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. London: Oxford University Press, 1958. S.v. “John Fletcher.,”

Davies, William Rhys. “John Fletcher’s Georgian Ordination and Madeley Curacy.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 36 (June 1968): 139-42.

Dayton, Lucille Sider, and Donald W. Dayton. “‘Your Daughters Shall Prophecy': Feminism in the Holiness Movement.” Methodist History 14, no. 2 (January, 1976): 67-92.

“Description of the Monuments, Erected in the City-Road Chapel, London.” Methodist Review 6 (November 1823): 431-35.

DuBose, Horace Mellard. “John Fletcher and Matrimony.” Methodist Quarterly Review. 65, no. 4 (Oct. 1916): 780-782.

Dunn, Samuel. “Bust of Wesley.” The Christian Miscellany, and Family Visitor 3 (August, 1848): 230.

Dyson, J. B. “From My Note Book: Mrs. Fletcher’s Dreams.” The Methodist Recorder 36 (1895): 96.

“Editor’s Visit to Madeley.” The Wesley Banner and Revival Record. 2 (August,1850): 314-15.

Edwards, Maldwyn. “A Saint in Israel.” Chap. in My Dear Sister: The Story of John Wesley and the Women in His Life. Manchester: Penwork Ltd., [1980].

“An Extract from the Minutes of a Conference, Held at Leeds, in August 1781.” The Arminian Magazine 4 (November, 1781): 622-24.

“An Extract from the: Minutes of a Conference, Held at London, in August 1782.” The Arminian Magazine 5 (October, 1782): 558-560.

Forsaith, Peter S. “John Fletcher–A Failure in His Parish?” TD, July 13, 1985, Fletcher Collection, Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, Ironbridge, Telford, England.

________. “Portraits of John Fletcher of Madeley and Their Artists.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 47 (May 1990): 187-201.

________. “Wesley’s Designated Successor.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 42, (December, 1979): 69-74.

Fuhrman, Eldon Ralph. “John Fletcher: Saint of the Eighteenth Century.” TMS, n.d.

Gregory, Benjamin. “John Fletcher, the Controversialist.” City Road Magazine 2 (1872): 351-56.

Hack, Mary Pryor. “Mary Fletcher: A Servant of the Church.” Chap. in Christian Womanhood. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1883.

Hansford, F. E. “The Conversion of John Fletcher: Bi- Centenary of a Great Occasion.” The Methodist Recorder (January 20, 1955): 9.

Hocart, J. “Account of the Fletcher Family,” AMsS, December 5, 1865, Fletcher Volume I, Methodist Archives, John Rylands University Library of Manchester, Deansgate, Manchester, England.

Hodson, James H. “John Fletcher’s Covenant with God.” Experience (October 1914): 58-60.

Hodson, John. A Widow Indeed. A Sermon Occasioned by the Lamented Death of Mrs. Fletcher, Widow of the Late Rev. John Fletcher Vicar of Madeley, Shropshire; Preached at Broseley and Coalbrookdale, On Sunday, Jan. 7, 1816. Wednesbury, [Eng.]: J. Booth, 1816.

Hopkins, Wilfred Morley. Fletcher of Madeley: A Lecture. King’s Lynn, [Eng.]: Matsell & Targett, 1898.

“John Fletcher and the Quakers of Madeley.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 9 (1914): 66-68. Quoting from the Diary of Abiah Darby as published in the Journal of the Friends Historical Society 10, p. 87ff.

Lawton, George. “Abiah Darby–Holy Woman, Militant Egotist– Has ‘Close Work of It for Above Three Hours.'” Shropshire Magazine, n.d., 23-24.

________. “John Fletcher’s Pulpit Prayers,” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 30 (March 1955): 2-6.

________. “John Fletcher’s Incumbency at Madeley: Some Notes on the Church, Vicarage, Living, and Parish Records,” The London Quarterly & Holborn Review 181 (October 1956): 281-287.

“Letter from Miss Bosanquet to the Rev. J. Wesley [February 7, 1776].” The Arminian Magazine 11 (January, 1788): 47-48.

“Letter from Mrs. Fletcher to Rev. J. Wesley.” The Arminian Magazine 13 (July, 1790): 390-91.

“Letter from Mr. Walter Sellon [December 31, 1744].” The Arminian Magazine 1 (June, 1778): 326-28.

Lloyd, A. M. “The Story of John Fletcher, Saintly 18th Century Vicar of Madeley.” Shropshire Magazine, n.d., 17-19.

Lord, Alex. “Fletcher of Madeley.” The English Churchman and St. James Chronicle, March 1, 1957, 97.

________. “Fletcher of Madeley.” Church and People September/October 1957, 157-60.

________. “Fletcher of Madeley; Bi-Centenary of his Ordination Observed on Ash Wednesday.” The Life of Faith March 7, 1957, 161-62.

________. “Fletcher of Madeley.” Hereford Diocesan Messenger, April 1957, 7-8.

________. “The Induction of the Methodist Vicar of Madeley.” TD, Shropshire County Record Office, 2280/16/120.

May, G. Lacey. “Fletcher of Madeley.” Theology: A Monthly Journal of Historic Christianity 1, no. 1 (July 1920): 18-28.

“Ministerial Heroism.” Methodist Review 5 (October 1822): 382-84.

Morrow, Thomas Manser. “Mrs. Mary Fletcher, 1739-1815,” Chap. in Early Methodist Women. London: Epworth Press., 1967.

“Original Hymn of the Rev. Charles Wesley, for the Rev. John Fletcher, June 30th,1776.” The Wesleyan Methodist Magazine, for the Year 1835: Being a Continuation of the Arminian or Methodist Magazine; First Published by the Rev. John Wesley, A. M. 3d s., 14 (July, 1835): 576.

Parlby, William. “The Rev. John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley: His Induction at Hereford.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 7 (1910): 56-58.

Petty, J. “Reflections on a Visit to Mr. Fletcher’s Tomb.” The Primitive Methodist Magazine (1846): 47-52.

Philagathos. The Tears of Piety: An Elegy on the Much Lamented Death of the Rev. John Fletcher, Late Vicar of Madeley in Shropshire; Who Died August 14th, 1785. By Way of Condolence to His Afflicted Widow, and Bereaved Flock. Bath, [England]: S. Hazard, 1785.

“Prayer for the Recovery of the Rev. J. Fletcher.” The Local Preachers Magazine, and Mutual-Aid Association Reporter, for the Year 1852. 2 (March, 1852): 112-13.

“Religious Communications,” Christian Observer 22, no. 4 (April 1822): 193-205.

“Rev. Nathaniel Gilbert.” The Christian Observer, Conducted by Members of the Established Church 6, no. 11 (Nov., 1807): 768-72.

“The Rev. John Fletcher and the Rev. C. Simeon.” The Christian Miscellany and Family Visitor 3 (1848): 326.

“The Rev. John Fletcher of Madeley and His Excellent Wife.” The Local Preacher’s Magazine and Christian Family Record 1, n.s. (April, 1853): 172-73.

Review of “The Works of the Rev. John Fletcher.” Methodist Review. 16 No 2 (April, 1834): 131-173.

Review of “Female Biography.” The Methodist Magazine and Quarterly Review 19 (1837): 291-302.

Review of “Fletcher’s Checks.” Methodist Review 11, no. 11 (November 1828): 413-20.

Review of “Fletcher’s Works” Methodist Review. 15 no 4, 406-450 O 1833.

Review of “Portrait of St. Paul,” by John Fletcher. Methodist Review 13, no. 1 (January 1831): 104-13.

Review of “A Dreadful Phenomenon Described and Improved.” In The Monthly Review, or, Literary Journal 49 (November, 1773): 415.

Review of “[A Sermon] Preached on Occasion of the Death of the Rev. Mr. John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, Shropshire,” by John Wesley. In The Monthly Review, or, Literary Journal (1786): 79.

Review of The Portrait of St. Paul: Or, the True Model for Christians and Pastors. Translated from a French Manuscript of the Late Rev. John William Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley. To Which is Added, Some Account of the Author. By the Rev. Joseph Gilpin. In Wesleyan Methodist Magazine 1, 4th ser. (January, 1845): 74-75.

Review of The Life of the Rev. John William Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, by Robert Cox. In The New York Review (March 1837): 77-96.

Rigg, James H. “John Fletcher’s Letter to John Wesley,” The Methodist Recorder and General Christian Chronicle, 13 January 1898, 10-11.

________. “A Remarkable Letter to Wesley from His ‘Designated Successor,'” The Methodist Recorder and General Christian Chronicle, 6 (January 1898): 10-12.

Rishell, Charles Wesley. “Wesley and Other Methodist Fathers on Childhood Religion.” Methodist Review 84, no. 4 (September 1902): 778-84.

Ryle, J. C. “Fletcher of Madeley and His Ministry.” Chap. in The Christian Leaders of the Last Century; Or, England a Hundred Years Ago. London: T. Nelson and sons, 1869.

Simpson, Matthew, ed. Cyclopedia of Methodism. Embracing Sketches of Its Rise, Progress, and Present Condition, with Biographical Notices and Numerous Illustrations. 4th rev. ed. Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts, 1881. S.v. “John Fletcher.,”

“A Society of Ministers of the Gospel in the Church of England.” Proceeding of the Wesley Historical Society 22 (1939): 52-57.

“Some Early Methodist Letters.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 11(1918): 17-18.

Sommer, Carl Ernst. “John William Fletcher (1729-1785), Mann der Mitte: Prolegomenazu seinem Verständnis.” Basileia: Walter Freytag zum 60. Geburtstag. Herausgegeben von Jan Hermelink und Hans Jochen Margull, Stutgart: Evang. Missionsverlag, 1959, 437-53.

Stephen, Leslie, ed. Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder, & Co., 1889. S. v. “John William Fletcher,” by J. O. H. [John H. Overton].

Stevenson, George John. “John Fletcher, of Madeley.” Chap. in Methodist Worthies: Character Sketches of Methodist Preachers of Several Denominations, with Historical Sketch of Each Connexion, Vol. 1. London: Thomas C. Jack, 1884.

Sturdee, E. J. A Visit to the “Mecca of Methodism.” Annals of Church Pastoral-Aid Work Series, No. 5. London: Church Pastoral-Aid Society, n.d.

Taft, Zechariah. Biographical Sketches of the Lives and Public Ministry of Various Holy Women. London: Kershaw and Baynes, 1825.

Thomas, E. An Elegiac Tribute to the Memory of the Rev. John Fletcher, Late Vicar of Madeley, Shropshire, Who Died Sunday, August 14th, 1785, in the Fifty S[ixth] Year of His Age. Shrewsbury, England: T. Wood, 1785.

________. “On Hearing of the Death of the Rev. Mr. Fletcher.” Shrewsbury Chronicle, Advertiser for Shropshire, the Principality of Wales, and the Counties of Chester, Stafford, Warwick, Worcester and Hereford. August, 1785.

Tipple, Ezra S. “Madeley.” Chap. in Some Famous Country Parishes. New York: Eaton and Mains, 1911.

Tooth, Mary. “Obituary [of Mary Fletcher].” The Methodist Magazine (1816): 80, 157-59.

Tranter, William. “Methodism in Madeley.” The Wesleyan Methodist Magazine. 3d s.,16 (December, 1837): 900-903.

A Tribute to the Memory of the Rev. John Fletcher, Late Vicar of Madeley, Shropshire. By an Old Friend. London: Frys and Couchman, 1786.

Tuck, John P. “‘Primitive Physic': An Interesting Association Copy.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 45 (May 1985): 1-7.

Turner, Henry. “Mr. Fletcher’s Preaching.” The Wesleyan- Methodist Magazine (1829): 527-28.

Veritas. “To the Editor of the Methodist Magazine.” The Methodist Magazine, for the Year 1802: Being a Continuation of the Arminian Magazine; First Published by the Rev. John Wesley, A. M., Consisting Chiefly of Extracts and Original Treatises on General Redemption 25 (December, 1802): 572-73.

Wesley, John. A Sermon Preached on the Occasion of the Death of the Rev. John Fletcher, Vicar of Madeley, Shropshire. London: Printed by John Paramour, 1785.

“Wesleyan Methodists in Coalbrookdale to 1836,” TD, 1839, Madeley Parish Records, Shropshire County Record Office, Shropshire, England, 2280/16/186.

Wiggins, James Bryan. “John Fletcher: Wesley’s Designated Successor.” Wesleyan Quarterly Review 2, no. 4 (November 1965): 212-23.

Williamson, Barry. “The Spilsbury Portrait of John Fletcher.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 47 (May 1989): 44-49.

Withrow, W. H. “John Fletcher and Mary Bosanquet,” Chap. in Makers of Methodism. New York: Eaton & Mains, 1898.

C.   Related Biographical Sources

Boon, Charles. “Some Account of the Death of Mr. Charles Perronet.” The Arminian Magazine 4 (October, 1781): 528-29.

Bramwell, William. A Short Account of the Life and Death of Ann Cutler, Commonly Known by the Name of Praying Nanny, Who was a Principal Instrument in the Beginning of the Late Revival of the Work of God in Lancashire, Yorkshire, &c. &c.; With an Account of Elizabeth Dickinson’s Two Wonderful Trances, and An Excellent Letter from the Rev. Mr. J. Fletcher to One of His Friends. Leeds: A. Newsom, 1798.

Brettell, Jeremiah. “Memoir of the Rev. Jeremiah Brettell: Written by Himself.” The Wesleyan Methodist Magazine 3d ser., 9 (October 1830): 649ff.

Bulmer, Agnes. Memoirs of Mrs. Elizabeth Mortimer. 3d ed. London: John Mason, 1849.

Church, Leslie F. “Women Preachers.” Chap. in More About the Early Methodist People. London: Epworth Press, 1949.

Coke, Thomas. A Funeral Sermon Preached in Spitalfields- Chapel, London, on Sunday, Oct. 26, 1794, on the Death of Mrs. Hester Ann Rogers, by the Rev. Thomas Coke, LL.D.; Also, an Appendix, Written by Her Husband, with Various Pieces, Selected and Transcribed from Her Manuscript Journals. Birmingham, Eng.: J. Belcher, 1795.

Coulton, Barbara. “Tern Hall and the Hill Family: 1700-75.” Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Historical Society 61 (1989):97-105.

________. A Shropshire Squire: Noel Hill, First Lord Berwick, 1745-1789. Shrewsbury, England: Swan Press, 1989.

A Memoir of Some Principal Circumstances in the Life and Death of the Reverend and Learned Augustus Montague Toplady: to Which is Added, Written by Himself, the Dying Believer’s Address to His Soul, and His Own Last Will and Testament. London: J. Matthews, 1778.

D’Olier, Isaac. Memoirs of the Life of the Late Excellent and Pious Mr. Henry Brooke, Collected from Original Papers and Other Authentic Sources; To Which is Subjoined An Appendix, Containing Extracts from His Correspondence, &c. in Which Will be Found Much Valuable Matter on Divine Subjects. 2d ed. Revised Dublin: R. Napper, 1816.

Doughty, W. L. “Joseph Benson at the Book Room, 1808.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 30, part 3 (September 1955): 60.

Dunn, Samuel. The Life of Adam Clarke, LL.D. London: William Tegg, 1863.

Farndale, W. E. “Hugh Bourne and ‘The Spiritual Manifestation.'” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 28, part 7 (September 1952): 131-37.

Harmon, Nolan B. gen. ed. The Encyclopedia of World Methodism. Nashville: United Methodist Pub. House, 1974. S.v. “John William Fletcher,” by Kenneth Kinghorn and “Mary Bosanquet Fletcher,” by John Kent.

Jackson, Thomas. The Life of Rev. Charles Wesley, M.A., Sometime Student of Christ-Church, Oxford: Comprising A Review of His Poetry; Sketches of the Rise and Progress of Methodism; With Notices of Contemporary Events and Characters. 2 Vols. London: John Mason, 1841.

Kirby, Graham. “Wesley Medallions.” Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society 47 (May 1989): 59.

Knight, Helen C. Lady Huntington and Her Friends; Or, the Revival of the Work of God in the Days of Wesley, Whitefield, Romaine, Venn, and Others in the Last Century. Compiled by Helen C. Knight. New York: Published by the American Tract Society, 1853.

Lawton, George. Within the Rock of Ages: the Life and Work of Augustus Montague Toplady. Cambridge: James Clarke & Co, ca. 1983.

Maser, Frederick E. “More Light on Joseph Pilmore.” Methodist History 16, no. 1 (October, 1977): 54-55.

Moore, Henry. The Life of the Rev. John Wesley, A.M., Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford; In Which Are Included, The Life of His Brother, The Rev. Charles Wesley, A.M., Student of Christ Church; And Memoirs of Their Family: Comprehending an Account of the Great Revival of Religion, in Which They Were the First and Chief Instruments. 2 Vols. London: John Kershaw, 1825.

Nuttal, Geoffrey F. “Students of Trevecka College, 1768-91.” Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorian, (1967): 249-77.

Pibworth, Nigel R. The Gospel Pedlar: The Story of John Berridge and the Eighteenth-Century Revival. Welwyn, [Eng.]: Evangelical Press, 1987.

Rathbone, Hannah Mary. Letter of Richard Reynolds, with a Memoir of His Life. Philadelphia: Henry Longstreth, 1855.

Rhuegg, Arnold. Der Kindergottesdienst in der Schweiz. [n.d., n.p.].

Rogers, Hester Ann. A Short Account of the Experience of Mrs. Hester Ann Rogers. With a Brief Extract From Her Diary, and Her Funeral Sermon, by the Rev. Thomas Coke, L.L.D. To which is Added Her Spiritual Letters. New York: Published by Nathan Bangs and Thomas Mason, for the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1820.

Rogers, James. “The Life of Mr. James Rogers.” In The Lives of Early Methodist Preachers; Chiefly Written by Themselves, ed. Thomas Jackson, 4:275ff. 5th ed. 6 vols. With an Introductory Essay by Thomas Jackson. London: Wesleyan-Methodist Book-Room, [1865?].

Seymour, A. C. H. The Life and Times of Selina, the Countess of Huntingdon. 3 Vols. London: William Edward Painter, 1844.

Sidney, Edwin. The Life of the Rev. Rowland Hill, A. M. 1st American ed. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1834

Smith, Mrs. Richard. The Life of Henry Moore, Biographer and Executor of Rev. John Wesley; Including His Autobiography; And a Continuation, Written from His Own Papers. New York: Published by Lane & Tippett, 1845.

Stamp, John S. “Memoir of the Rev. Charles Atmore. Compiled from Various Documents,” Wesleyan Methodist Magazine 4th ser., 1 (January 1845): 1-18.

Sutcliffe, Joseph, ed. The Life and Labours of the Rev. John Valton, Written by Himself; And Now Edited with Many Additions and Letters. By Joseph Sutcliffe. London: John Mason, 1830.

The Experience and Ministerial Labours of Several Methodist Preachers, Who Laboured in Connection with the Late Rev. John Wesley. New York: Published by Daniel Hitt, for the Methodist Connection in the United States, 1812.

Treffry, Richard. Memoirs of the Rev. Joseph Benson. London: Published by John Mason, 1840.

Trinder, Barrie. The Darbys of Coalbrookdale. New ed. Chichester, England: Phillimore & Co. LTD., 1991.

Tuttle, Robert G., Jr. Mysticism in the Wesleyan Tradition. Foreword by William R. Cannon. Grand Rapids: Francis Asbury Press of Zondervan Publishing House, 1989.

Tyerman, Luke. The Life and Times of the Rev. John Wesley, M.A., Founder of the Methodists. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1872.

________. The Life of the Rev. George Whitefield. New York: Anson D. F. Randolph, 1877.

Venn, Henry. Vicar of Huddersfield: The Memoir of His Life Drawn Up by John Venn. Edited by Henry Venn. 6th ed. London: John Hatchard & Son, 1839.

Welch, Edwin, ed. Cheshunt College: The Early Years; A Selection of Records. Introduction by Edwin Welch. Hertfordshire Record Publications, Vol. 6. Cambridge: Hertfordshire Record Society, 1990.

Wesley, Charles. The Journal of Charles Wesley. 2 Vols. London: John Mason, 1849; reprint, Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1980.

II.   Theological Studies

A.   Studies and Articles Relating to Fletcher

“American Controversy.” The Monthly Review, or Literary Journal 54 (1776): 154-56, 325-26.

“Atonement as Taught by Wesley, Fletcher, Clarke, and Watson, in Their Sermons and Other Theological Writings.” Methodist Review 29 (July 1847): 414-433.

[C., J. E.]. “Providential Agency–Reply to ‘J W S’.” Methodist Quarterly Review 3, no. 3 (July 1849): 333-63.

Caldwell, Merritt. “Theory of Temptation: Fifth Article of the Methodist Quarterly Review for July, 1842.” Methodist Review 25, no. 4 (July 1843): 377-401.

Coppedge, Allan. John Wesley in Theological Debate. Wilmore, KY: Wesley Heritage Press, 1987, 190-272.

“A Copy of a Letter from Antigua, Giving an Account of the Dawn of a Gospel-Day.” The Arminian Magazine 3 (July, 1780): 387-89.

Crow, Earl P. John Wesley’s Conflict With Antinomianism in Relation to the Moravians and Calvinists. Ph.D. diss., University of Manchester, 1964.

Cubie, David L. “Perfection in Wesley and Fletcher: Inaugural or Teleological?,” Wesleyan Theological Journal 11 (Spring 1976): 22-37.

Davies, William Rhys. “John William Fletcher of Madeley as a Theologian.” Doctoral Thesis, University of Manchester, 1965.

Davies, Edward. The Gift of the Holy Ghost: The Believer’s Privilege. [Reading, Mass.: the author, 1874].

Dayton, Donald. “The Doctrine of the Baptism of the Holy Spirit: Its Emergence and Significance.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 13, no. 1 (Spring 1978): 114-26.

________. Theological Roots of Pentecostalism. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1991.

Ehlert, Arnold, compl. A Bibliographic History of Dispensationalism. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1965, pp. 41-42.

Fraser, M. Robert. “Strains in the Understandings of Christian Perfection in Early British Methodism” Ph.D. diss., Vanderbilt University, 1988.

Fuhrman, Eldon Ralph. “The Contribution of John Fletcher to Wesleyan-Arminian Theology.” M.A. thesis, Biblical Seminary in New York, 1957.

Gregory, Benjamin. “John Fletcher, the Theologian.” City Road Magazine 2 (1872): 32-37, 72-79, 177-183, 221-28, 260-66.

Gunter, W. Stephen. The Limits of “Love divine”: John Wesley’s Response to Antinomianism and Enthusiasm. Nashville: Kingswood Books, 1989.

Howe, Claude L. , Jr. “British Evangelical Response to the American Revolution: The Baptists.” Fides Et Historia 8 (Spring 1976): 35-49.

Impeta, Christoffel Nicolaas. De Leer der Heiliging en Volmaking bij Wesley en Fletcher. Leiden: P. J. Mulder, [1913].

Kinghorn, Kenneth. “Faith and Works: a Study in the Theology of John Fletcher.” Ph.D. diss., Emory University, 1965.

Kirkham, Donald H. “John Wesley’s Calm Address: The Response of the Critics.” Methodist History 15 (October 1975): 13-23.

Knickerbocker, Waldo Emerson. “The Doctrine of Authority in the Theology of John Fletcher.” Doctoral thesis, Emory University, 1972.

Knight, John Allan. “Aspects of Wesley’s Theology after 1770,” Methodist History 6 no. 3 (April 1968): 33-42.

________. The Holiness Pilgrimage: Reflections on the Life of Holiness. Kansas City, MO: Beacon Hill Press of Kansas City, 1973.

________. “John Fletcher’s Influence on the Development of Wesleyan Theology in America,” Wesleyan Theological Journal 13 (Spring 1978): 13-33.

________. “John William Fletcher and the Early Methodist Tradition.” Ph.D. diss., Vanderbilt University, 1966.

Larrabee, William Clark. Wesley and His Coadjutors. Edited by B. F. Tefft. Vol. 1. Cincinnati: Published by Swormstedt & Poe for the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1853.

Matlock, Paul Russel. The Four Justifications in John Fletcher’s Theology. Salem, Ohio: Schmul Publishers, [1980].

Mattke, Robert A. “John Fletcher’s Involvement in the Antinomian Controversy of 1770-1776.” M.A. Thesis, State University of Iowa, 1965.

________. “John Fletcher’s Methodology in the Antinomian Controversy of 1770-76.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 3, no. 1 (Spring 1968): 38-47.

Maycock, J. “The Fletcher–Toplady Controversy,” The London Quarterly & Holborn Review (January 1966): 227-235.

McGonigle, Herbert. “Pneumatological Nomenclature in Early Methodism.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 8 (Spring 1873): 61-72.

“Monthly Catalogue for April, 1776: American Controversy.” The Monthly Review; Or, Literary Journal 54 (January-June 1776) 325-26.

Moulton, Wilfrid J. “John Wesley’s Doctrine of Perfect Love.” London Quarterly Review 144 (July 1925): 14-27.

Neff, Blake J. “John Wesley and John Fletcher on Entire Sanctification: A Metaphoric Cluster Analysis.” Ph.D. diss., Bowling Green State University, 1982.

Nelson, J. Robert. “Live and Let Live . . . and Die When You Must,” Perkins Journal 39, no. 1 (January 1986): 1-9.

“On Reading the Checks and Other Polemical Works of Mr. Fletcher.” The Arminian Magazine 2 (January,1779): 47.

“Religious and Controversial (Art. 51).” The Monthly Review, or, Literary Journal (January, 1775): 93-95.

Sangster, W. E. The Path to Perfection: An Examination and Restatement of John Wesley’s Doctrine of Christian Perfection. 1st American ed., Nashville: Marshall & Bruce Company and Parthenon Press, 1943; reprint, New York: Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, 1944.

Schmul, H. E., ed. Christian Perfection: a Compilation of Six Holiness Classics in One. Salem, Ohio: Convention Book Store, [between 1960 and 1969].

Scott, Leland H. “Methodist Theology in America in the Nineteenth Century.” Ph.D. diss., Yale, 1954.

Shipley, David C. “Methodist Arminianism in the Theology of John Fletcher.” Ph.D. dissertation, Yale, 1942.

________. “Wesley and Some Calvinistic Controversies.” The Drew Gateway (1955): 195-210.

Slaatte, Howard Alexander. The Arminian Arm of Theology: The Theologies of John Fletcher, First Methodist Theologian, and His Precursor, James Arminius. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1977.

Smith, David R. John Fletcher: An Upholder of Holiness. Hertford, Eng.: Rushworth Literature Enterprise Ltd., 1972.

Smith, Timothy L. “The Doctrine of the Sanctifying Spirit in John Wesley and John Fletcher.” The Preacher’s Magazine. 55/1 (September/October/November 1979): 16-17, 55-60.

________. “How John Fletcher Became the Theologian of Wesleyan Perfectionism, 1770-1776,” Wesleyan Theological Journal 15, no. 1, (Spring 1980): 68-87.

Steele, Daniel. Antinomianism Revived; or, The Theology of the So-Called Plymouth Brethren Examined and Refuted. With an Introduction by W. McDonald. Boston: McDonald, Gill & Co., 1887.

Taylor, Richard, J. Kenneth Grider, and William H. Taylor, eds. Beacon Dictionary of Theology. Kansas City, MO: Beacon Hill Press of Kansas City, 1983. S.v. “Checks to Antinomianism,” by Leroy E. Lindsey.

Thompson, Claude H. “John Fletcher, First Theologian of Methodism,” The Emory University Quarterly 16, no. 4 (Winter 1960): 239-50.

Watson, Richard. A Biblical and Theological Dictionary: Explanatory of the History, Manners, and Customs of the Jews, and Neighbouring Nations. With an Account of the Most Remarkable Places and Persons Mentioned in Sacred Scripture; An Exposition of the Principle Doctrines of Christianity; And Notices of Jewish and Christian Sects and Heresies. American ed. New York: Published by Carlton & Porter, 1857. S.v. “Antinomians.”

Whedon, Daniel Denison. The Freedom of the Will as a Basis of Human Responsibility and a Divine Government. Elucidated and Maintained in Its Issue With the Necessitarian Theories of Hobbes, Edwards, the Princeton Essayists, and Other Leading Advocates. New York: Carlton & Porter, 1864.

Wiggins, James Bryan. The Embattled Saint; Aspects of the Life and Work of John Fletcher. Macon, GA: Wesleyan College, 1966.

________. “The Pattern of John Fletcher’s Theology: As Developed in His Poetic, Pastoral and Polemical Writings.” Ph.D. diss, Drew University, 1963.

Wood, Laurence W. Pentecostal Grace. With a Foreword by Robert E. Coleman. Grand Rapids: Francis Asbury Press of Zondervan Publishing House, 1980.

________. “Thoughts upon the Wesleyan Doctrine of Entire Sanctification with Special Reference to Some Similarities with the Roman Catholic Doctrine of Confirmation.” Wesleyan Theological Journal 15, no.1 (Spring 1980): 88-99.

B.   Writings Relating to the Calvinistic and Political Controversies[15]

1.   Principal Wesleyan Methodist Writings

Murlin, John. A Letter to Richard Hill on That Gentleman’s Five Letters to the Rev. J. Fletcher. Bristol: n.p., 1775.

Olivers, Thomas. A Letter to the Reverend Mr. Toplady: Occasioned by His Late Letter to the Reverend Mr. Wesley. London: E. Cabe, 1771.

________. A Scourge to Calumny: in Two Parts, Inscribed to Richard Hill. London: R. Hawes, 1774.

Sellon, Walter. A Defense of God’s Sovereignty Against the Impious and Horrible Aspersions Cast Upon It by Elisha Coles, in His Practical Treatise on That Subject; by the Author of Arguments Against the Doctrine of General Redemption Considered. London: E. Cabe, 1770.

________. The Church of England Vindicated from the Charge of Absolute Predestination, As It is Stated and Asserted by the Translator of Jerome Zanchius, in His Letter to the Rev. Dr. Nowell. Together with Some Animadversions on His Translation of Zanchius, His Letter to the Rev. Mr. John Wesley, and His Sermon on I Tim. i. 10. London: E. Cabe, 1771.

Wesley, John. The Doctrine of Absolute Predestination Stated and Asserted. Bristol: William Pine, 1770.

________. A Sermon on the Death of Rev. Mr. Geo. Whitefield. London: J. & W. Oliver, 1770.

________. The Consequence Proved. London: n.p., 1771.

________. Dublin, July 10, 1771. n.p., n.p., [1771].[16]

________. Some Remarks on Mr. Hill’s “Review of All the Doctrines Taught by John Wesley.” Bristol: William Pine, 1772.

________. Some Remarks on Mr. Hills “Farrago Double- distilled.” Bristol: William Pine, 1773.

________. Thoughts upon Necessity. London: Hawes, 1774.

________. A Calm Address to Our American Colonies. Bristol: William Pine, 1775.

2.   Principal Calvinistic Writings[17]

Berridge, John. The Christian World Unmasked, Pray Come and Peep. London: Printed for E. and C. Dilly, 1773.

Evans, Caleb. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. John Wesley, Occasioned by His “Calm Address to the American Colonies.” Bristol: Printed by William Pine, 1775.

________. A Reply to the Rev. Mr. Fletcher’s Vindication of Mr. Wesley’s Calm Address to Our American Colonies. Bristol: W. Pine, [1776].

________. Political Sophistry Detected, or Brief Remarks on the Rev. Mr. Fletcher’s Late Tract, Entitled “American Patriotism”: In a Letter to a Friend. Bristol, [England]: W. Pine, 1776.

Hill, Richard. A Conversation Between Richard Hill, Esq., the Rev. Mr. Madan, and the Superior of a Convent of English Benedictine Monks at Paris, Held at the Said Convent, July 13, 1771, in the Presence of Thomas Powis, Esq. and Others, Relative to Some Doctrinal “Minutes” Advanced by the Rev. Mr. John Wesley and Others, at a Conference Held in London, August 7, 1770. To Which Are Added Some Remarks by the Editor, and the “Minutes” Themselves Prefixed, as also Mr. Wesley’s Own Declaration Concerning His “Minutes,” Versified by Another Hand. London: E. and C. Dilly, 1771.

________. An Answer to Some Capital Errors Contained in the “Minutes” of Some Late Conversations Between the Rev. Mr. Wesley and Others, Printed at Bristol, 1770, By John Wesley, M.A., Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford. Also, the Spirit and Meaning of a Late “Declaration,” Versified by the Editor. London: Printed for E. and C. Dilly, 1771.

________. Five Letters to the Rev. Mr. F——r, Relative to His “Vindication” of the “Minutes” of the Rev. Mr. John Wesley, Intended for the Comfort of Mourning Backsliders, and Such as May Have Been Distressed and Perplexed by Reading Mr. Wesley’s “Minutes,” or the “Vindication” of Them. London: Printed for E. and C. Dilly, 1771.

________. A Review of All the Doctrines Taught by the Rev. Mr. John Wesley, Containing a Full and Particular Answer to a Book Entitled “A Second Check to Antinomianism,” in Six Letters to the Rev. Mr. F——r. Wherein the Doctrines of a Twofold Justification, Free-will, Man’s Merit, Sinless Perfection, Finished Salvation, and Real Antinomianism, Are Particularly Discussed; And the Puritan Divines and Protestant Churches Vindicated from the Charges Brought Against Them of Holding Mr. Wesley’s Doctrines. To Which is Added, a Farrago. By the Author “Pietas Oxoniensis.” London: Printed for E. and C. Dilly, 1772.

________. Some Remarks on a Pamphlet Entitled “A Third Check to Antinomianism.” London: Printed for Edward and Charles Dilly, 1772.

________. Logica Wesleiensis; Or, the Farrago Double- distilled, with an Heroic Poem in Praise of Mr. John Wesley. London: Printed for E. and C. Dilly, J. Matthews, and W. Harris, 1773.

________. The Finishing Stroke, Containing Some Strictures on the Rev. Mr. Fletcher’s Pamphlet Entitled “Logica Genevensis; or, A Fourth Check to Antinomianism.” London: Printed for Edward and Charles Dilly, W. Harris and J. Matthews, 1773.

________. Three Letters, Written by Richard Hill, Esq., to Rev. J. Fletcher, in 1773, Setting Forth Mr. Hill’s Reasons for Declining Any Further Controversy Relative to Mr. Wesley’s Principles [With a Creed for Arminians and Perfectionists]. Shrewsbury, [Eng.]: Printed by T. Wood, 1773.

Hill, Rowland. Friendly Remarks Occasioned by the Spirit and Doctrines Contained in the Rev. Mr. Fletcher’s “Vindication,” and More Particularly in His “Second Check to Antinomianism”; to Which is Added, a Postscript Occasioned by His “Third Check.” In a Letter to the Author. London: Printed for E. and C. Dilly, 1772.

Shirley, Walter. The Circular Letter. Bath: n.p., 1771.

________. A Narrative of the Principal Circumstances Relative to the Rev. Mr. Wesley’s Late Conference. Held in Bristol, August the 6th, 1771. At Which the Rev. Mr. Shirley, and Others, his Friends, Were Present. With the Declaration Then Agreed to by Mr. Wesley, and Fifty-three of the Preachers in Connexion with Him. In a Letter to a Friend. Bath: Printed by W. Gye for T. Mills, 1771.

Toplady, Augustus. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. John Wesley; Relative to His Pretended Abridgement of Zanchius on Predestination. London: Printed for Joseph Gurney, 1770.

________. A Caveat Against Unsound Doctrines. Being the Substance of a Discourse Preached in the Parish Church of St. Ann, Blackfryars, on Sunday, April 29th, 1770. London: Printed for Joseph Gurney, 1770.

________. More Work for Mr. John Wesley; Or a Vindication of the Decrees and Providence of God from the Defamation of a Late Printed Paper Entitled, “The Consequence Proved.” London: Printed for James Mathews, 1771.

________. More Work For Mr. John Wesley: Or, a Vindication of the Decrees and Providence of God From the Defamations of a Late Printed Paper, Entitled, “The Consequence Proved.” London: Printed for James Matthews, 1772.

________. Historic Proof of the Doctrinal Calvinism of the Church of England, Including, among Other Particulars: I. A Brief Account of Some Eminent Persons Famous for Their Adoption of That System, Both before and Since the Reformation, More Especially of Our English Reformers, Martyrs, Prelates, and Universities, with Specimens of Their Testimonies; II. An Incidental Review of the Rise and Progress of Arminianism in England, under the Patronage of Archbishop Laud. With a Complete Index to the Whole. London: Printed for George Keith, 1774.

________. The Scheme of Christian and Philosophical Necessity, Asserted in Opposition to Mr. John Wesley’s Tract on that Subject; With a Dissertation Concerning the Sensible Qualities of Matter, and the Doctrine of Color in Particular. London: Printed for Vallance and Simmons, 1775.

III.   Local Studies: Madeley and Shropshire

Anderson, John Corbet. Shropshire: Its Early History and Antiquities, Comprising a Description of the Important British and Roman Remains in That County: Its Saxon and Danish Reminiscences; The Domesday Survey of Shropshire: And the History of Its Forests, Towns, Manors, Abbeys, Churches, Castles, and Great Baronial Houses. London: Willis and Sotheran, 1864.

Baugh, G. C., ed. A History of Shropshire. Vol. 11, The Victoria History of the Counties of England. C. R. Elrington, ed. Telford, England: Published for the Institute of Historical Research by Oxford University Press, 1985.

Brown, Ivor and Barrie Trinder. The Tar Tunnel: A One Thousand Yard Tunnel under Blists Hill. Telford, England: Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, 1979.

Carnage, D. H. S. An Architectural Account of the Churches of Shropshire. Wellington, [England]: Hobson & Co., 1897.

Eaton, Alan G. Madeley in Old Picture Postcards. Zaltbommel, Netherlands: European Library, 1989.

Gale, W. K. V. Iron and Steel. Telford, England: Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, 1979.

Gaydon, A. T., ed., A History of Shropshire. Vol. 2, The Victoria History of the Counties of England. London: Published for the Institute of Historical Research by Oxford University Press, 1973.

Herbert, Tony and Denis Roberts. Coalport China Works Museum: A Guide to the Site and a Brief History of the Coalport Company. Telford, England: Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, 1978.

Labouchere, Rachel. Abiah Darby, 1716-1793 of Coalbrookdale, Wife of Abraham Darby II. York, England: William Sessions Limited, 1988.

Lawton, George. “Madeley in the 18th Century,” The London Quarterly & Holborn Review 181 (April 1956): 142-148.

Phillips, W. Early Methodism in Shropshire. Shrewsbury, Eng.: n.p., 1876.

Raistrick, Arthur. The Coalbrookdale Ironworks: A Short History. Telford, England: Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, 1975.

Randall, John. History of Madeley, Including Ironbridge, Coalbrookdale, and CoalPort, from the Earliest Times to the Present, with Notices of Remarkable Events, Inventions, and Phenomena, Manufactures, &c. Madeley, Salop, Eng.: “The Wrekin Echo” Office, 1880.

Skinner, Raymond Frank. Nonconformity in Shropshire, 1662-1816; A Study in the Rise and Progress of Baptist, Congregational, Presbyterian, Quaker and Methodist Societies. Shrewsbury: [Wilding], 1964.

Trinder, Barrie Stuart. Bedlam: A Guide to the Monumental Ruins of an Eighteenth-Century Ironworks. Telford, England: Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, 1984.

________. Coalbrookdale: A Walk Through Coalbrookdale to Explore Its Historic Buildings and Industrial Landscapes. Telford, England: Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, 1979.

________. A History of Shropshire. Darwen County History Series. Shopwyke Hall, Eng.: Phillimore & Co. Ltd., 1983.

________. The Industrial Revolution in Shropshire. London: Phillimore, 1973.

________. Introduction to Robert Baugh’s Map of Shropshire. [Shrewsbury]: Shropshire Archaeological Society, 1983.

________. The Methodist New Connexion in Dawley and Madeley. [Telford, Eng.: Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust], 1967.

Wrenn, Dorothy P. H. Shrewsbury and Shropshire. London: Longmans Young Books Ltd., 1968.

IV.   Additional Works

“John Fletcher, 1729-1785: A Library Exhibition,” Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester 67, no. 2 (Spring 1985):569-71.

Lord, Alex. “Madeley Parish Records, Deposited by The Rev. A. Lord, Vicar of Madeley, November and December 1969, in The County Record Office, Shirehall, Shrewsbury,” TD, November and December, 1969, Shropshire County Record Office, Shrewsbury, England.

Rowe, Kenneth E. John & Mary Fletcher: An Exhibition Celebrating the Bicentenary of the Death of John Fletcher and the Ministry of Mary Fletcher. [Madison, NJ: United Methodist Archives, 1985.]

Tuck, John P. and Clive D. Field. John Fletcher, 1729-1785: A Methodist Bicentenary Exhibition. Manchester: The John Rylands University Library of Manchester, 1985.


[1]The date of publication frequently does not correspond with the date in which a piece was written. As will be seen, a number of pieces are published posthumously.

[2]This particular work in nonextant. John Wesley indicates that this was probably the first work he published. See Wesley, Works (3d ed.), 11:290.

[3]Later translated and published by Henry Moore as “The New Birth: A Discourse”(Bristol: Lancaster and Edwards, 1794). See Works, 4:95-118.

[4]This was subsequently called the First Check to Antinomianism.

[5]The Fifth Check is composed of two separate publications. This work along with the ensuing entry constitute the Fifth Check.

[6]The Equal Check was published in three different publications. The two succeeding publications, along with this entry, compose the Equal Check.

[7]Half of The Bible and the Sword is a reprint of extracts taken from American Patriotism. The remaining half is dedicated to proving from Scripture that war is necessary under certain circumstances.

[8]The Reconciliation was also circulated in an abridged form: Bible-Arminianism & Bible-Calvinism: A Two-fold Essay, Part of the First Displaying the Doctrines of Partial Grace, Part the Second, Those of Impartial Justice (London: Printed by R. Hawes, 1777).

[9]Upon returning to England from Switzerland in 1781, Fletcher enlarged this work and published it as La Grâce et le Nature, Poëme, 2d ed., plus compléte (Londre: R. Hindmarsh, 1785). At the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was translated into English: A Poem, Entitled Grace and Nature: With Copious Notes, Moral and Theological, Tending to Illustrate Some of the Most Important Doctrines of Christianity; Written in French, trans. by Miles Martindale (Leeds, [Eng.]: Printed for the translator by Davies and Co., at the Stanhope Press, Vicar Lane, 1810).

[10]Subsequently translated as An Essay upon the Peace of 1783, Dedicated to the Archbishop of Paris, trans. by J. Gilpin (London: Printed by R. Hindmarsh, and sold by T. Longman, T. Scollick, [etc.], 1785). It was incorporated into La Grâce et le Nature in 1785.

[11]The Fletcher-Tooth Collection at John Rylands Library Manchester remains uncataloged. These represent only a few of the significant manuscripts to be found there.

[12]Arranged by date of publication.

[13]Also found in Wesley’s Works, 3d ed. London: Wesleyan Methodist Book Room, 1872; reprint, Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1986, 11:273-365 (page references are to reprint edition).

[14]These articles are taken from Gilpin’s translation of Portrait of St. Paul.

[15]To this list must be added Fletcher’s polemical works from 1771 to 1777. See listing under primary works above.

[16]In his Anti-Methodist Publications, Green (p. 113) suggests that this work was A Defence of the Minutes of Conference (1770) Relating to Calvinism. However, Frank Baker believes that there is no such title. A Union Catalogue of the Publications of John and Charles Wesley. 2d. ed., rev. and compiled by Frank Baker (Stone Mountain, Georgia: Published by George Zimmermann, 1991), 137. Also see Stevens, John Wesley, “Appendix A,” 777-80.

[17] For a complete listing of attacks against the Wesleyan Methodists during the early-to mid-1770s, see Green, Anti-Methodist Publications, 112-34, and Field, Anti-Methodist Publications, 220-33.

Written by Dr. Stephen FlickNumber of posts: 189
Dr. Stephen Flick earned his Ph.D. from Drew University in theology and church history, studying with well-known theologian, Dr. Thomas Oden. He served as professor of theology and church history at Wesley Biblical Seminary for 12 years and has over 30 years of ministerial experience. He has authored numerous articles and is a strong proponent of the restoration of historical Christian values to American culture. More...